Academic Papers

N.R. Holt, T.Z. Huit, G.P. Shulman, et al., Trans Collaborations Clinical Check-In (TC3): Initial Validation of a Clinical Measure for Transgender and Gender Diverse Adults Receiving Psychological Services, Behavior Therapy, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2019.04.001

Key Points

  • This article presents initial validation of a behavioral health measure, the Trans Collaborations Clinical Check-in (TC3), for use with TGD clients
  • The TC3 was developed with substantial community and stakeholder input
  • Scores on the TC3 relate to important psychological domains including depression, anxiety, and marginalization stress
  • TC 3 is available here and is free for clinical or research purposes, do not modify without permission. Please let us know if you publish any data using the TC3 at transcollaborations@unl.edu.

Holt, N. R., Hope, D. A., Mocarski, R., Meyer, H., King, R. E., & Woodruff, N. The provider perspective on behavioral health care for transgender and gender non-conforming individuals in the Central Great Plains: A qualitative study of approaches and needs. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry.

Key Points

  • Ten interviews with affirming mental health providers in the Central Great Plains
  • Providers emphasized the importance of individualizing care, helping clients navigate stigma, and finding support and resources
  • Providers' approaches to therapy mapped onto cultural competency, but few discussed using an evidence-based model

Holt, N. R., Hope, D. A., Mocarski, R., & Woodruff, N. (2018). First impressions online: The inclusion of transgender and gender nonconforming identities and services in mental healthcare providers' online materials in the USA. International Journal of Transgenderism. Advanced online publication.

Key Points

  • Only about half of therapists who advertise online as working with TGNC clients use affirming language to ask about gender on their intake forms
  • Therapists in states with few legal protections for TGNC people use stigmatizing language on intake forms more often than therapists in states with legal protections
  • TGNC clients may face stigma in their search for a therapist and before face-to-face interaction with therapists

Shulman, G. P., Holt, N. R., Hope, D. A., Mocarski, R., Eyer, J., & Woodruff, N. (2017). A Review of Contemporary Assessment Tools for Use With Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Adults. Psychology Of Sexual Orientation And Gender Diversity, doi:10.1037/sgd0000233

Key Points

  • Reviews 8 culturally-responsive questionnaires for use with TGNC populations
  • Recent assessment tools focus less on diagnosis of gender-related disorders and instead measure constructs important for quality of life and psychological well-being
  • More research is needed on the validity of these tools

Hope, D. A., Mocarski, R., Bautista, C. L., & Holt, N. R. (2016). Culturally competent evidence-based behavioral health services for the transgender community: Progress and challenges. American Journal Of Orthopsychiatry86(4), 361-365. doi:10.1037/ort0000197

Key Points

  • The mental health field has contributed to TGNC stigma
  • Mental health care providers need more than good intentions to provide affirmative services to TGNC communities
  • Proposes a research agenda to develop evidence-based behavioral health care for TGNC communities

*Paper was mentioned in the Huffington Post.